Sport psychology (or sports psychology) is the study of a person’s behavior in sport. This is also termed as specialization within the brain psychology and kinesiology that tends to understand psychological and mental factors that makes an impression over sports, physical activities and exercises that when combined improves the performance of the team. Sport psychology deals with managing emotions and minimizing the psychological effect of injury and performance during the game. Some of the important skills developed during the process of sport psychology are goal setting, relaxation, visualization, self-talk, awareness and control, concentration, confidence attribution training, etc.

The first sport psychologist known to be in history is Norman Triplett, a North American man from Asia, born in 1861. His first finding as a sport psychologist was the relation of the fact that cyclist ride faster in pairs instead of riding solo. The International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) was formed by Dr. Ferruccio Antonelli of Italy in 1965. In 1966, sport psychologists in Chicago formed the North American Society of Sport Psychology and Physical Activity (NASPSPA).

Since 1970’s, sport psychology has become part of the university syllabus. The Sports Psychology programs as a part of the kinesiology help students to learn how to develop positive attitudes in athletes using sport psychology and drugs. By the 1980 sport psychology became more research focused. Now on Sport psychologists deal with issues like performance enhancement, the psychological impact of exercise and over training as well as stress management. Also, sport psychologists have started considering exercises as a mean to provide a therapeutic addition to healthy mental adjustment.

And with advancement of sporting activities, sport psychologists also have started gaining recognition for their valuable contribution which they have made to in assisting athletes and coaches in improving performances during competitive situations as well as understanding how sports psychology contribute to the growth of a sport activity. Below is the list of most common words used in sports psychology.

  • Cohesion : This term refers to the extent to which a team or group share a sense of shared task or social bond.
  • Imagery : This term is referred to be as ‘imagined’ sensation, which is known to be as visualization.
  • Attention Focus: This is termed as mean to block everything out, especially, crowd for having attention while playing a game.
  • Motivation : This most needed word is consisted of several traits that together form a general orientation of a person towards achievement in sports. The research related to sport is known to be Motivation as known to be The Achievement Motivation Inventory (AMI) (Schuler, Thornton, Frintrup & Mueller-Hanson, 2003) which is a broad-spectrum assessment of achievement-motivation in business.
  • Internal Monologue : This is about having the positive thoughts on a competition by handling a running conversation in one’s mind and brain.
  • Criticism : A tenet of motivational theory that is necessary to improve performance.

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